SDR rtladsb sources

Updated for Kismet 2019-10

RTL-ADSB

To capture ADSB with Kismet, you’ll need a rtl-sdr USB software defined radio. You can’t capture these signals with a Wi-Fi card; they’re very different!

Using a rtl-sdr, Kismet is able to process the transponder data transmitted from commercial aircraft; for more information about the ADSB signal; for more information about the ADSB signal and how to decode it, check out the mode-s introduction.

Datasource - SDR RTLADSB

You will need a python3 environment and the numpy package, either installed via pip3 or as a system package.

The rtladsb datasource will auto-detect supported rtl-sdr hardware. It can be manually specified with type=rtladsb.

If you have multiple rtl-sdr radios, you can select which radio to use either by radio number (the order it was seen on your system), or by the serial number of the radio; for instance:

source=rtladsb-0,name=FirstRadio

or

source=rtladsb-124334,name=SomeOtherRadio

Using multiple rtlsdr devices

Every datasource in Kismet must have a unique identifier, the source UUID. Kismet calculates this using the serial number of the rtlsdr device.

Not all rtlsdr hardware supplies a valid serial number; often devices will report a serial number of “00000000”. This will not cause any problems for Kismet if it is the only rtlsdr device, however when using multiple rtlsdr radios either locally or via remote capture, each one must have a unique ID.

A unique ID can be set using the rtl_eeprom tool to assign a proper serial number, or by using the uuid=... parameter on the Kismet source definition. A unique UUID can be generated with the genuuid tool on most systems.

Rtl ADSB Source Parameters

RTLADSB sources accept several additional options, in addition to the standard name, informational, and UUID options:

  • biastee=true | false

    Enable bias-tee power on supported radios. Bias-tee is used to supply power to external amplifiers or other equipment in the antenna chain, and requires your radio have support for it.

  • channel=frequency_in_hz

    Manually force a different frequency; by default the international standard of 1090MHz is used.

  • gain=value

    Specifiy a fixed gain level for the radio; by default, the hardware automatic gain control is used.

  • ppm=error_value

    Specify a PPM error offset for fine-tuning your radio, if your hardware has a known offset.

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